Mountains in Asia: The Western Ghats in India

Mountains in Asia: The Western Ghats

Mountains in Asia are geologically very different from each other. Take, for example, the Himalayas, which I discussed in the last post, and the Western Ghats. Unlike the high Himalayas, the Western Ghats are lower mountains, but with more life and bio-diversity. They have been listed as one of the most important ranges among mountains in Asia specifically for the conservation of endangered species of flora and fauna. The Western Ghats are older than the Himalayas. They are a reminder of the period when the Indian Peninsula broke away from Gondwana land. The Western Ghats are not only a mountain range, but a unique ecosystem that influences the whole of the Indian Peninsula. They are critical in regulating monsoons and acting as a barrier for clouds. The forests on these mountains are a unique example of the non-equatorial tropical evergreen forest. Over 300 species in these ranges are listed as threatened. Among these are over 200 plant species and the rest are animal species, which include mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles and fish.


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